marine sanctuary – Tim Grollimund Photography
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Let’s Wake Up an Eel and Go Hunting

By Tim Grollimund / 06/05/2017

A Marine Life Series Column about eels, and their unique charactieristics Smashwords “While the vast majority of observations during the day are while eels are resting or on a cleaning station, a few times I have seen an eel coupled with a grouper. The first time I saw this was on the Winch Hole.  A […]

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Hogfish Heaven?

By Tim Grollimund / 06/04/2017

A Marine Life Series Column about hogfish, and the challenges that the species faces as a sustainable fishery Smashwords “Hogfish got their name because they root around the sea floor, like a hog roots around the barnyard. They are opportunistic feeders, like their barnyard counterparts, but feed mostly on crabs and mollusks.  We have three […]

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The Glassy Side of the Reef

By Tim Grollimund / 03/27/2017

A Marine Life Series Column about glass minnows, and the ecological role they play in the food chain Smashwords “As Dr. Kelble points out, the variability of salinity levels in Florida Bay is incredibly important to the food chain. What does this have to do with minnows? Well, everything. He examined the relationship between mesozooplankton, […]

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Invasive Orange Cup Coral Silently Grows off the Keys

By Tim Grollimund / 03/25/2017

A Marine Life Series Column about invasive orange cup coral, and the implications for unchecked growth in the Florida Keys Smashwords “Orange cup coral is an invasive species. While lionfish get all the attention, are subjected to extraction derbies and are appropriately placed on a platter, orange cup coral silently keeps on growing. Fortunately it […]

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Trumpetfish: The Brass Section of the Reef

By Tim Grollimund / 03/20/2017

A Marine Life Series Column about trumpetfish, their color phases and hunting techniques Smashwords “Trumpet fish are part of the Syngnathiformes family. Don’t fret, I can’t pronounce it either. It’s actually quite a large group. Cousins include seahorses, pipefish, sea dragons, shrimpfish, and sea moths. Bony exteriors and small tube-like mouths are characteristics of syngnathids. […]

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File this Fish with the Shy Group

By Tim Grollimund / 03/17/2017

A Marine Life Series Column about filefish, some very entertaining species on the reef Smashwords “Filefish have a protruding mouth with some very sharp teeth, similar to a triggerfish. They have narrow, compressed bodies with rough spiny scales and a front dorsal fin that can be raised or lowered.  When the fin is raised, it […]

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Look for the Fish in a Box

By Tim Grollimund / 03/16/2017

A Marine Life Series Column about the unique characteristics of boxfish species – from automobile designs to toxic secretions Smashwords “When I’m on the reef and I want a chuckle, I look for a fish in a box. Not a cardboard box of fish like you find in the bait shop, but a body box […]

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Schooling Activity is Alive and Well on the South End of Molasses

By Tim Grollimund / 03/15/2017

A Marine Life Series Column focusing on schooling activity as described in scientific literature and observed on Molasses Reef in the Florida Keys Smashwords Lots of reasons are given for the collective behavior of schooling. There is a whole host of scientific literature to study on the topic. Schooling occurs in up to eighty percent […]

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Butterflyfish: Graceful Reef Gliders

By Tim Grollimund / 03/05/2017

A Marine Life Series Column about butterflyfish in the Florida Keys, with a Bonus Selection of images of Pacific Ocean butterflyfish species Smashwords There’s one thing I can guarantee I’ll see on every dive. They seem to be in every nook and cranny on the reef. Some sort of butterflyfish will be wherever I’m going. […]

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The Great Hamlet Debate

By Tim Grollimund / 03/04/2017

A Marine Life Series Column about the different hamlet species, their classification and prevalence in the Florida Keys Smashwords There has been a debate for decades on how many species of hamlets exist. The original classification was for one species (Hypoplectrus unicolor), and color variations didn’t matter enough to differentiate a new species. As this […]

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